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What is a Septic Tank?

What a septic tank is? How it works and how to maintain it.

A septic tank is a watertight chamber made of concrete, fiberglass or plastic, designed to hold sewage from a home or business. The tank is buried in the ground and has an inlet and outlet pipe. Wastewater enters the septic tank through the inlet pipe and begins to break down. The solid waste settles to the bottom of the tank while the effluent (liquid waste) floats to the top. Bacteria in the tank further break down the effluent. The treated effluent then flows out of the septic tank through the outlet pipe into a leach field for final treatment before it returns to groundwater.

How a septic tank works

septic tank cross section

A septic tank is a watertight chamber made of concrete, fiberglass or plastic, designed to hold sewage from a home or business. The tank is buried in the ground and has an inlet and outlet pipe. Wastewater enters the septic tank through the inlet pipe and begins to break down. The solid waste settles to the bottom of the tank while the effluent (liquid waste) floats to the top. Bacteria in the tank further break down the effluent. The treated effluent then flows out of the septic tank through the outlet pipe into a leach field for final treatment before it returns to groundwater.

How to maintain a septic tank?

To maintain a septic tank, it is important to have it pumped out every 3-5 years to remove the solid waste that has accumulated on the bottom of the tank. This will help to prevent the tank from becoming overloaded and failing. Additionally, it is important to keep an eye on what goes into the septic tank. Avoid putting cooking grease, coffee grounds, or any other solid waste into the tank as this can clog the leach field. Be mindful of what you flush down the toilet as well – only human waste and toilet paper should go into the septic tank. By following these simple tips, you can help to ensure that your septic tank stays in good working condition for many years to come.

Why do I need to clean my septic tank?

Over time, the solid waste that accumulates in a septic tank can start to clog the leach field. This can lead to problems with the septic system, including backups and overflows. Pumping out the septic tank on a regular basis helps to prevent these problems and keeps the system working properly . Additionally, pumping out the tank removes any solid waste that has built up over time, making it easier for the effluent to flow out of the tank and into the leach field.

Do I need a septic tank?

If you have a home or business that is not connected to a municipal sewer system, then you will need a septic tank. A septic tank is necessary for the proper treatment of wastewater. Without a septic tank, sewage would flow directly into groundwater, contaminating it. Septic tanks help to protect groundwater from contamination and keep it clean.

How often should I have my septic tank pumped?

Most septic tanks need to be pumped out every 3-5 years. However, the frequency with which a septic tank needs to be pumped can vary depending on the size of the tank and the amount of water that is used. A smaller tank or one that is used more frequently may need to be pumped more often than a larger tank. Additionally, if you have a garbage disposal, you may need to pump your septic tank more frequently as well.